At a client we have a PDF template that needs to be used for registering users. When this is updated, the template is overriden. But it would be nice to be able to easily see what changed between the two.
Well, this is possible :)
You can use Imagemagick and Ghostscript to do this.
You should be able to just do the below:
magick compare old.pdf new.pdf diff.pdf
But that didn't seem to work well. What seems to work better is to rather convert the PDF to an image first, and then compare each page.
magick convert -density 300 -quality 100 old.pdf old.png
magick convert -density 300 -quality 100 new.pdf new.png
magick compare old-0.png new-0.png diff-0.png
Depending on the options you can get better or worse results. Changing the colorspace to CMYK for example could yield better results, or maybe using options to blur/sharpen/despeckle the image too. Try play around with the options to see better results.
The best results I had was actually via using Adobe Acrobat to first export the PDF to images, and then run the compare. I still need to figure out why, because unfortunately I only have the license at work, so this won't always be an option. I'll hopefully update this post in future to show my favourite variation :)